Objectives: Compared to other infections, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is significantly more complicated during pregnancy since the virus frequently reactivates at this time, potentially increasing the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of human CMV infection among women who had a history of miscarriage.
Methods: The anti-CMV IgG was measured using the chemiluminescence method. A total of 300 pregnant women who had a number of previous miscarriages were tested. Women from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds were taken into consideration.
Results: Among the study women, 246 women showed positive results, giving an 82% prevalence rate. Significantly higher prevalence rates (P<0.05) were observed with an increasing number of prior miscarriages. All of the study participants who had experienced three or more miscarriages were positive, compared to about 80% of participants with just two or fewer miscarriages.
Conclusion: It may be concluded that women with varying numbers of prior miscarriages had significantly different prevalences of anti-CMV IgG antibodies.